National name: República Argentina.
President: Néstor Kirchner (2003 - 2007)
Land area: 1,056,636 sq mi (2,736,690 sq km);
total area: 1,068,296 sq mi (2,766,890 sq km)
Population (2007 est.): 40,301,927 (growth rate: 0.9%);
birth rate: 16.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.3/1000;
life expectancy: 76.3;
density per sq mi: 38 Capital and largest city (2003 est.):
Buenos Aires, 13,349,000 (metro. area), 2,768,772 (city proper)
Other large cities: Córdoba, 1,486,200; Rosario, 1,276,900; Mendoza, 988,600; Mar del Plata, 683,700
Monetary unit: Peso
Languages: Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
Ethnicity/ race: white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%; mestizo, Amerindian, other 3%
Religions: Roman Catholic 92%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
Literacy rate: 96.2% (1995 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2005 est.): $542.8 billion;
per capita $13,700. Real growth rate: 8.7%.
Inflation: 12.3%. Unemployment: 11.1%. Arable land: 10.03%.
Agriculture: sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock.
Labor force: 15.34 million; agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a.

Industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel.
Natural resources: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium.
Exports: $40 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): edible oils, fuels and energy, cereals, feed, motor vehicles. Imports: $28.8 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal manufactures, plastics.
Major trading partners: Brazil, Chile, U.S., China, Spain, Germany (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use 8.7 million (2004); mobile cellular: 13,512,400 (2004). Radio broadcast stations: AM 260 (including 10 inactive stations), FM n.a. (probably more than 1,000, mostly unlicensed), shortwave 6 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 42 (plus 444 repeaters) (1997). Internet hosts: 1,233,175 (2005). Internet users: 10 million (2005).

Railways: total: 34,091 km (167 km electrified) (2004).
Highways: total: 229,144 km; paved: 68,809 km (including 734 km of expressways);
unpaved: 160,335 km (2004). Waterways: 11,000 km (2005).
Ports and harbors: Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Concepcion del Uruguay, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin, San Nicolas.
Airports: 1,334 (2004 est.).

International disputes:
Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in its constitution, forcibly occupying the Falklands in 1982, but in 1995 agreed no longer to seek settlement by force; territorial claim in Antarctica partially overlaps UK and Chilean claims (see Antarctic disputes); unruly region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising for extremist organizations; uncontested dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question.

Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua (22,834 ft, 6,960 m) is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. Argentina is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, and by Uruguay and Brazil on the east. The northern area is the swampy and partly wooded Gran Chaco, bordering on Bolivia and Paraguay. South of that are the rolling, fertile Pampas, which are rich in agriculture and sheep- and cattle-grazing and support most of the population. Next southward is Patagonia, a region of cool, arid steppes with some wooded and fertile sections.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107288.html http://www.geographia.com/argentina/history.htm